English China

Per- und Polyfluorierte Carbonsäuren

Mehr Feind als Freund: PFOA & Co. aufspüren

Seite: 3/3

Firmen zum Thema


  • [1] European Chemical Agency (2018): REACH Restricted Substance List 2018, abgerufen am: 07.05.2018
  • [2] Janda, J.; Nödler, K.; Brauch, H.-J.; Zwiener, C.; Lange, F. T. (2018): Robust trace analysis of polar (C2-C8) perfluorinated carboxylic acids by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: method development and application to surface water, groundwater and drinking water. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 13. S.20. doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-1731-x
  • [3] Kissa, E. (1994): Fluorinated surfactants. Synthesis, properties, applications. Surfactant science series, Bd. 50. New York: Dekker ISBN 0824790111
  • [4] Wang, P.; Wang, T.; Giesy, J. P.; Lu, Y. (2013): Perfluorinated compounds in soils from Liaodong Bay with concentrated fluorine industry parks in China. Chemosphere 91 (6). S.751–757. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.017
  • [5] Umwelbundesamt : Besorgniserregende Eigenschaften von PFC. https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/themen/chemikalien/chemikalien-reach/stoffe-ihre-eigenschaften/stoffgruppen/per-polyfluorierte-chemikalien-pfc/besorgniserregende-eigenschaften-von-pfc, abgerufen am: 25.06.2020
  • [6] Stahl, T.; Mattern, D.; Brunn, H. (2011): Toxicology of perfluorinated compounds. Environ Sci Eur 23 (38). S.1–52. doi: 10.1186/2190-4715-23-38
  • [7] European Chemicals Agency (2011): RAC adopts 13 scientific opinions on the harmonised classification and labelling of industrial chemicals and pesticide active substances. https://echa.europa.eu/en/web/guest/view-article/-/journal_content/4709c09f-6dde-4aab-8d8c-4991b7622f45
  • [8] Kannan, K.; Corsolini, S.; Falandysz, J.; Fillmann, G.; Kumar, K. S.; Loganathan, B. G.; Mohd, M. A.; Olivero, J.; van Wouwe, N.; Yang, J. H.; Aldous, K. M. (2004): Perfluorooctanesulfonate and Related Fluorochemicals in Human Blood from Several Countries. Environmental Science & Technology 38 (17). S.4489–4495. doi: 10.1021/es0493446
  • [9] Silva, A. O. de; Mabury, S. A. (2006): Isomer Distribution of Perfluorocarboxylates in Human Blood: Potential Correlation to Source. Environmental Science & Technology 40 (9). S.2903–2909. doi: 10.1021/es0600330
  • [10] Yeung, L. W. Y.; So, M. K.; Jiang, G.; Taniyasu, S.; Yamashita, N.; Song, M.; Wu, Y.; Li, J.; Giesy, J. P.; Guruge, K. S.; Lam, P. K. S. (2006): Perfluorooctanesulfonate and Related Fluorochemicals in Human Blood Samples from China. Environmental Science & Technology 40 (3). S.715–720. doi: 10.1021/es052067y
  • [11] Ministerium für Soziales und Integration Baden-Württemberg (25.06.2020): Erste Ergebnisse der PFC-Blutuntersuchungen im Landkreis Rastatt liegen vor. https://sozialministerium.baden-wuerttemberg.de/de/service/presse/pressemitteilung/pid/erste-ergebnisse-der-pfc-blutuntersuchungen-im-landkreis-rastatt-liegen-vor/
  • [12] Kotthoff, M.; Müller, J.; Jürling, H.; Schlummer, M.; Fiedler, D. (2015): Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in consumer products. Environmental science and pollution research international 22 (19). S.14546–14559. doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-4202-7
  • [13] Guo, Z.; Liu, X.; Krebs, K. A.; Roache, N. F. (2009): US EPA's Perfluorocarboxylic Acid Content in 116 Articles of Commerce. https://www.oecd.org/env/48125746.pdf
  • [14] Fiedler, S.; Pfister, G.; Schramm, K.-W. (2010): Poly- and perfluorinated compounds in household consumer products. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry 92 (10). S.1801–1811. doi: 10.1080/02772248.2010.491482
  • [15] Heo, J.-J.; Lee, J.-W.; Kim, S.-K.; Oh, J.-E. (2014): Foodstuff analyses show that seafood and water are major perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) sources to humans in Korea. Journal of hazardous materials 279 . S.402–409. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.07.004
  • [16] D'Hollander, W.; Herzke, D.; Huber, S.; Hajslova, J.; Pulkrabova, J.; Brambilla, G.; Filippis, S. P. de; Bervoets, L.; Voogt, P. de (2015): Occurrence of perfluorinated alkylated substances in cereals, salt, sweets and fruit items collected in four European countries. Chemosphere 129 . S.179–185. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.10.011
  • [17] Herzke, D.; Huber, S.; Bervoets, L.; D'Hollander, W.; Hajslova, J.; Pulkrabova, J.; Brambilla, G.; Filippis, S. P. de; Klenow, S.; Heinemeyer, G.; Voogt, P. de (2013): Perfluorinated alkylated substances in vegetables collected in four European countries; occurrence and human exposure estimations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20 (11). S.7930–7939. doi: 10.1007/s11356-013-1777-8
  • [18] Vestergren, R.; Berger, U.; Glynn, A.; Cousins, I. T. (2012): Dietary exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids for the Swedish population in 1999, 2005 and 2010. Environment International 49. S.120–127. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2012.08.016
  • [19] Prevedouros, K.; Cousins, I. T.; Buck, R. C.; Korzeniowski, S. H. (2006): Sources, Fate and Transport of Perfluorocarboxylates. Environmental Science & Technology 40 (1). S.32–44. doi: 10.1021/es0512475
  • [20] Ellis, D. A.; Martin, J. W.; Silva, A. O. de; Mabury, S. A.; Hurley, M. D.; Sulbaek Andersen, M. P.; Wallington, T. J. (2004): Degradation of Fluorotelomer Alcohols: A Likely Atmospheric Source of Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids. Environmental Science & Technology 38 (12). S.3316–3321. doi: 10.1021/es049860w
  • [21] Wallington, T. J.; Hurley, M. D.; Xia, J.; Wuebbles, D. J.; Sillman, S.; Ito, A.; Penner, J. E.; Ellis, D. A.; Martin, J.; Mabury, S. A.; Nielsen, O. J.; Sulbaek Andersen, M. P. (2006): Formation of C 7 F 15 COOH (PFOA) and Other Perfluorocarboxylic Acids during the Atmospheric Oxidation of 8:2 Fluorotelomer Alcohol. Environmental Science & Technology 40 (3). S.924–930. doi: 10.1021/es051858x
  • [22] Rankin, K.; Mabury, S. A.; Jenkins, T. M.; Washington, J. W. (2016): A North American and global survey of perfluoroalkyl substances in surface soils: Distribution patterns and mode of occurrence. Chemosphere 161 . S.333–341. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.06.109
  • [23] So, M. K.; Miyake, Y.; Yeung, W. Y.; Ho, Y. M.; Taniyasu, S.; Rostkowski, P.; Yamashita, N.; Zhou, B. S.; Shi, X. J.; Wang, J. X.; Giesy, J. P.; Yu, H.; Lam, P. K. S. (2007): Perfluorinated compounds in the Pearl River and Yangtze River of China. Chemosphere 68 (11). S.2085–2095. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.02.008
  • [24] Ahrens, L.; Xie, Z.; Ebinghaus, R. (2010): Distribution of perfluoroalkyl compounds in seawater from northern Europe, Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean. Chemosphere 78 (8). S.1011–1016. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.11.038
  • [25] Post, G. B.; Louis, J. B.; Cooper, K. R.; Boros-Russo, B. J.; Lippincott, R. L. (2009): Occurrence and Potential Significance of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Detected in New Jersey Public Drinking Water Systems. Environmental Science & Technology 43 (12). S.4547–4554. doi: 10.1021/es900301s
  • [26] Gellrich, V.; Brunn, H.; Stahl, T. (2013): Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in mineral water and tap water. Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering 48 (2). S.129–135. doi: 10.1080/10934529.2013.719431
  • [27] Beesoon, S.; Webster, G. M.; Shoeib, M.; Harner, T.; Benskin, J. P.; Martin, J. W. (2011): Isomer Profiles of Perfluorochemicals in Matched Maternal, Cord, and House Dust Samples: Manufacturing Sources and Transplacental Transfer. Environmental Health Perspectives 119 (11). S.1659–1664. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1003265
  • [28] Lechner, M.; Knapp, H. (2011): Carryover of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) from soil to plant and distribution to the different plant compartments studied in cultures of carrots (Daucus carota ssp. Sativus), potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), and cucumbers (Cucumis Sativus). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 59 (20). S.11011–11018. doi: 10.1021/jf201355y
  • [29] Yamashita, N.; Kannan, K.; Taniyasu, S.; Horii, Y.; Okazawa, T.; Petrick, G.; Gamo, T. (2004): Analysis of Perfluorinated Acids at Parts-Per-Quadrillion Levels in Seawater Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Environmental Science & Technology 38 (21). S.5522–5528. doi: 10.1021/es0492541
  • [30] Loganathan, B. G.; Sajwan, K. S.; Sinclair, E.; Senthil Kumar, K.; Kannan, K. (2007): Perfluoroalkyl sulfonates and perfluorocarboxylates in two wastewater treatment facilities in Kentucky and Georgia. Water research 41 (20). S.4611–4620. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2007.06.045
  • [31] Stróżyńska, M.; Schuhen, K. (2019): Dispersive solid-phase extraction followed by triethylsilyl derivatization and gas chromatography mass spectrometry for perfluorocarboxylic acids determination in water samples. Journal of Chromatography A 1597 . S.1–8. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2019.03.008
  • [32] Díaz, R.; Ibáñez, M.; Sancho, J. V.; Hernández, F. (2012): Target and non-target screening strategies for organic contaminants, residues and illicit substances in food, environmental and human biological samples by UHPLC-QTOF-MS. Analytical Methods 4 (1). S.196–209. doi: 10.1039/C1AY05385J
  • [33] Leung, K. S.-Y.; Fong, B. M.-W. (2014): LC-MS/MS in the routine clinical laboratory: has its time come? Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 406 (9-10). S.2289–2301. doi: 10.1007/s00216-013-7542-5
  • [34] Dolman, S.; Pelzing, M.: An optimized method for the determination of perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorooctane sulfonate and other perfluorochemicals in different matrices using liquid chromatography/ion-trap mass spectrometry. J. Chrom. B 879 (22). S.2043–2050. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2011.05.032
  • [35] Monteleone, M.; Naccarato, A.; Sindona, G.; Tagarelli, A. (2012): A rapid and sensitive assay of perfluorocarboxylic acids in aqueous matrices by headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1251 . S.160–168. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.06.033
  • [36] Jurado-Sánchez, B.; Ballesteros, E.; Gallego, M. (2013): Semiautomated solid-phase extraction followed by derivatisation and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry for determination of perfluoroalkyl acids in water. Journal of Chromatography A 1318 . S.65–71. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.10.034
  • [37] Fujii, Y.; Harada, K.H.; Koizumi, A. (2012): Analysis of Perfluoroalkyl Carboxylic Acids in Composite Dietary Samples by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry with Electron Capture Negative Ionization. Environmental science & technology 46 . 11235–11242. doi: 10.1021/es302536g
  • [38] Scott, B. F.; Moody, C. A.; Spencer, C.; Small, J. M.; Muir, D. C. G.; Mabury, S. A. (2006): Analysis for Perfluorocarboxylic Acids/Anions in Surface Waters and Precipitation Using GC−MS and Analysis of PFOA from Large-Volume Samples. Environmental science & technology 40 (20). S.6405–6410. doi: 10.1021/es061131o
  • [39] Shafique, U.; Schulze, S.; Slawik, C.; Kunz, S.; Paschke, A.; Schüürmann, G. (2017): Gas chromatographic determination of perfluorocarboxylic acids in aqueous samples - A tutorial review. Analytica chimica acta 949 . S.8–22. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2016.10.026
  • [40] Marquet, P.; Venisse, N.; Lacassie, É.; Lachâtre, G. (2000): In-source CID mass spectral libraries for the “general unknown” screening of drugs and toxicants. Analusis 28 (10). S.925–934. doi: 10.1051/analusis:2000280925
  • [41] Thenot, J.-P.; Horning, E. C.; Stafford, M.; Horning, M. G. (1972): Fatty Acid Esterification with N,N-Dimethylformamide Dialkyl Acetals for GC Analysis. Analytical Letters 5 (4). S.217–223. doi: 10.1080/00032717208069552
  • [42] Paul, B. D.; Lalani, S.; Bosy, T.; Jacobs, A. J.; Huestis, M. A. (2005): Concentration profiles of cocaine, pyrolytic methyl ecgonidine and thirteen metabolites in human blood and urine: determination by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biomedical Chromatography 19 (9). S.677–688. doi: 10.1002/bmc.495
  • [43] González-Casado, A., Navas, N., del Olmo, M., u. Vílchez, J. L. (1998): Determination of Bisphenol A in Water by Micro Liquid-Liquid Extraction Followed by Silylation and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Analysis. Journal of Chromatographic Science 36
  • [44] Shin, H.-S. (2006): Determination of Phenoxy Acid Pesticides in Frog and Fish Tissues by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Chromatographia 63 (11-12). S.579–583. doi: 10.1365/s10337-006-0805-y
  • [45] Poole, C. F.; Zlatkis, A. (1979): Trialkylsilyl Ether Derivatives (Other Than TMS) for Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Chromatographic Science 17 (3). S.115–123. doi: 10.1093/chromsci/17.3.115
  • [46] Lv, G.; Wang, L.; Liu, S.; Li, S. (2009): Determination of Perfluorinated Compounds in Packaging Materials and Textiles Using Pressurized Liquid Extraction with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Sciences 25 (3). S.425–429. doi: 10.2116/analsci.25.425
  • [47] Silva, A. O. de; Mabury, S. A. (2004): Isolating Isomers of Perfluorocarboxylates in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus ) from Two Geographical Locations. Environmental science & technology 38 (24). S.6538–6545. doi: 10.1021/es049296p
  • [48] Jahnke, A.; Berger, U. (2009): Trace analysis of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances in various matrices-how do current methods perform? Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (3). S.410–421. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.08.098
  • [49] Liu, W.-L.; Ko, Y.-C.; Hwang, B.-H.; Li, Z.-G.; Yang, T. C.-C.; Lee, M.-R. (2012): Determination of perfluorocarboxylic acids in water by ion-pair dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with injection port derivatization. Analytica chimica acta 726 . S.28–34. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2012.03.019
  • [50] Goh, S. X. L.; Lee, H. K. (2018): Automated bundled hollow fiber array-liquid-phase microextraction with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric analysis of perfluorinated compounds in aqueous media. Analytica chimica acta 1019 . S.74–83. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.03.003
  • [51] Ahrens, L.; Felizeter, S.; Sturm, R.; Xie, Z.; Ebinghaus, R. (2009): Polyfluorinated compounds in waste water treatment plant effluents and surface waters along the River Elbe, Germany. Marine pollution bulletin 58 (9). S.1326–1333. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.028
  • [52] Hansen, K. J.; Johnson, H. O.; Eldridge, J. S.; Butenhoff, J. L.; Dick, L. A. (2002): Quantitative characterization of trace levels of PFOS and PFOA in the Tennessee River. Environmental Science & Technology 36 (8). S.1681–1685. doi: 10.1021/es010780r
  • [53] Li, J.; Cui, Y.; Xie, S.; Wang, H.; Peng, D.; Huang, L.; Tao, Y.; Pan, Y.; Chen, D.; Yuan, Z. (2018): Determination of Perfluorocarboxylic Acids and Perfluorosulfonic Acids in Aquatic Products by Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe Sample Preparation with Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Food Analytical Methods 11 (6). S.1627–1635. doi: 10.1007/s12161-018-1146-9
  • [54] Alzaga, R.; Salgado-Petinal, C.; Jover, E.; Bayona, J. M. (2005): Development of a procedure for the determination of perfluorocarboxylic acids in sediments by pressurised fluid extraction, headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric determination. Journal of Chromatography A 1083 (1-2). S.1–6. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.06.036

* M. Strozynska und Dr. K. Schuhen, Wasser 3.0 gGmbH, 76187 Karlsruhe

* *M. Strozynska: SAS hagmann GmbH, 72160 Horb am Neckar